Ingredient Substitutions

To make cooking easier, healthier, or less expensive, sometimes we need to substitute one thing for another. I’ve created a list of substitutions here to help you in your culinary adventures. The list is alphabetical order for your convenience.

Ingredients Substitutions | Natural Chow

Common Ingredient Substitutions:

Allspice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, 1/4 teaspoon cloves
Baking Powder 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
Beer 1 cup 1 cup chicken broth or 1 cup nonalcoholic beer
Brandy 1/4 cup 1 teaspoon imitation brandy extract plus enough water to make 1/4 cup
Bread Crumbs 1 cup 1 cup cracker crumbs or 1 cup ground oats
Broth: beef/chicken 1 cup 1 tablespoon soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cup or 1 cup vegetable broth
Brown Sugar 1 cup, packed 1 cup pure cane sugar plus 1 tablespoon molasses
Butter (salted) 1 cup 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
Butter (unsalted) 1 cup 1 cup coconut oil or 7/8 cup vegetable oil
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 cup yogurt or 1 tablespoon lemon juice/vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup
Chocolate (semisweet) 1 ounce 1 (1-ounce) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 teaspoons sugar or 1 ounce semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 tablespoon coconut oil
Chocolate (unsweetened) 1 ounce 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon coconut oil
Cocoa 1/4 cup 1/4 cup carob powder
Corn Syrup 1 cup 1 1/4 cups pure cane sugar plus 1/3 cup water or 1 cup honey
Cottage Cheese 1 cup 1 cup ricotta cheese
Cream (half & half) 1 cup 7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter
Cream (light) 1 cup 1 cup evaporated milk or 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter
Cream (whipped) 1 cup 1 cup whipped coconut cream (from the canned coconut milk)
Cream Cheese 1 cup 1 cup pureed cottage cheese or 1 cup plain yogurt, strained overnight in a cheesecloth
Cream of Tartar 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar
Crème fraîche 1 cup Combine 1 cup heavy cream and 1 tablespoon of plain yogurt. Let stand 6 hours at room temperature
Egg 1 whole 1 tablespoon chia seeds plus 3 tablespoons water or 1 tablespoon ground flaxseed plus 3 tablespoons water, both soaked for 5 minutes
Evaporated Milk 1 cup 1 cup light cream
Fats for Baking 1 cup 1 cup applesauce
Flour—Bread 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten
Flour—Cake 1 cup 7/8 cup all-purpose flour
Flour—Self-rising 1 cup 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
Garlic 1 clove 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder or 1/2 teaspoon dehydrated garlic
Ginger—dried 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger
Ginger—fresh 1 teaspoon, minced 1/2 teaspoon ground, dried ginger
Green Onion 1/2 cup chopped 1/2 cup chopped onion or 1/2 cup chopped leek or 1/2 cup chopped shallots
Herbs—fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh 1 teaspoon (chopped or whole leaf) dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1 1/4 cups pure cane sugar plus 1/3 cup water
Hot Pepper Sauce 1 teaspoon 3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon vinegar
Ketchup 1 cup 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Lard 1 cup 1 cup butter or 1 cup coconut oil
Lemongrass 2 fresh stalks 1 tablespoon lemon zest
Lemon Juice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon vinegar or 1 teaspoon white wine or 1 teaspoon lime juice
Lemon Zest 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract or 2 tablespoons lemon juice
Lime Juice 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon vinegar or 1 teaspoon white wine or 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Mace 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon nutmeg
Margarine 1 cup 1 cup butter or 1 cup coconut oil
Mayonnaise 1 cup 1 cup sour cream or 1 cup plain yogurt
Milk—Whole 1 cup 1 cup rice milk or 1 cup soy milk or 1 cup water or juice
Molasses 1 cup 3/4 cup brown sugar plus 1 teaspoon cream of tartar
Mustard—Prepared 1 tablespoon Mix 1 tablespoon dried mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon vinegar, and 1 teaspoon sugar
Onion 1 cup, chopped 1 cup chopped green onions or 1 cup chopped shallots or 1 cup chopped leeks or 1/4 cup onion powder
Orange Zest 1 tablespoon 1/2 teaspoon orange extract or 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Parmesan Cheese 1/2 cup grated 1/2 cup grated Asiago cheese or 1/2 cup grated Romano cheese
Pepperoni 1 ounce 1 ounce salami
Pumpkin Pie Spice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon plus 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger plus 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice plus 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
Raisins 1 cup 1 cup dried currants or 1 cup dried cranberries
Ricotta 1 cup 1 cup dry cottage cheese or 1 cup silken tofu
Rum 1 tablespoon 1/2 teaspoon rum extract, plus enough water to make 1 tablespoon
Saffron 1/4 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon turmeric
Semisweet Chocolate Chips 1 cup 1 cup chopped nuts or 1 cup chopped dried fruit
Shallots, chopped 1/2 cup 1/2 cup chopped onion or 1/2 cup chopped leek or 1/2 cup chopped green onion
Shortening 1 cup 1 cup butter or 1 cup coconut oil
Sour Cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt or 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup
Sour Milk 1 cup 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup: Let stand 5 minutes to thicken
Soy Sauce 1/2 cup 4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce plus 1 tablespoon water
Stock: beef/chicken 1 cup 1 bullion cube dissolved in 1 cup water
Sweetened Condensed Milk 1 (14-ounce can) 3/4 cup pure cane sugar plus 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups powdered milk: Bring to a boil and cook, stirring frequently, until thickened, about 20 minutes
Vegetable Oil—For Baking 1 cup 1 cup applesauce
Vinegar 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lemon or lime juice or 2 teaspoons white wine
White Sugar 1 cup 1 cup pure cane sugar or 1 cup brown sugar or 3/4 cup honey
Wine 1 cup 1 cup chicken or beef broth or 1 cup fruit juice plus 2 teaspoons vinegar or 1 cup water
Yeast—Active Dry 1 (.25-ounce package) 1 cake compressed yeast or 2 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast or 2 1/2 teaspoon rapid dry yeast
Yogurt   1 cup sour cream or 1 cup buttermilk or 1 cup sour milk

 

I hope you’ve found what you were looking for.

(Source: The Organized Kitchen by Brette Sember)
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